Film ID: NEFA 10852 Video of Your Heritage the Coast of Commerce YOUR HERITAGE: THE COAST OF COMMERCE 1962 Visitor TabsDescription The first episode of a two-part Tyne Tees Television feature that looks at the landscape, industry, history and traditions of the North East coastline from Whitby to South Shields and the River Tyne, presented by Austin Steele. Title: Tyne Tees Television Presents Title: Your Heritage. Title: The Coast of Commerce. Titles play over various scenes around the north east coastline that include a steam tug boat passing industrial docksides on the River Tyne. The film opens with a high angle shot over the town of Whitby, followed by shots of pedestrians in Whitby streets, further overhead view of the harbour and town. Fishing boats sail back into harbour. Small baskets of the catch are unloaded from hold to quayside, and poured into crates. A man repairs nets. Many boats are moored along the River Esk in Whitby. There are atmospheric shots of the old cobbled steps, the cliff top church graveyard, and Whitby Abbey ruins, followed by close-ups of the cross and stone memorial to Caedmon, St Mary's Churchyard, Whitby. The inscription reads, "To the glory of God and in memory of Caedmon the father of English Sacred Song. Fell asleep hard by, 680". A travelling shot follows down the steep streets of Staithes. Four children walk past quaint cottages, with shots of Captain Cook’s Cottage following. A priest sits with a row of young boys on the harbour wall. A general view of harbour breakwaters is intercut with the priest pointing off screen and speaking to the boys. A group of women seated on the harbour front wear flowery pale headdresses, uniquely influenced by traditional Danish custom. The next sequence includes footage of the coastline at Saltburn, the cable car (water powered cliff tramway) down cliffs to the pier and beach, Victorian terraced housing and hotels (probably the Zetland) on the promenade and close-ups of the typical elderly visitors at the resort. A young couple plunge into the surf at Redcar beach. Shots of the town include the clock tower at the west end of the High Street, a memorial to King Edward VII, and a couple lighting a cigarette in the wind. Back on the beach, a mother, two boys and a dog paddle in the sea, boys on donkeys eat fish and chips grumpily. A family rides in a small tourist power boat. The film cuts to a Middlesbrough back alley scene with washing on lines and industrial chimneys to left. Middlesbrough Town Hall towers over the Albert Road. Shots of chemical factory works, coal transported by train. There are a variety of dramatic shots of the Transporter Bridge in operation, the people and cars that use the bridge. Driving on a route northwards by the coast, we reach Hartlepool. Footage depicts shipyards looking inland, an empty harbour, embankment wall, St Hilda’s Church under scaffolding and old streets on the Headland. The presenter holds an old theatre bill advertising, amongst other acts, “New and Serio-Comic pantomime, The Pick of a Muck Heap and Forty Thieves” at Town Hall, Hartlepool. The presenter interviews local historian, Mr Wood, collector of old posters and bills, and discusses Hartlepool’s history of piracy and criminality, seafaring trade and industry. The scene switches to the series of unimposing bore wells on flat land that mark the salt beds, near Greatham. Shots of briny water pumped to a surface trough illustrate the process. Shots of the production and packing of salt at the Cerebos factory follow. Interior shots of a laboratory feature two scientists who examine samples of salt rock, and the chemical purification, filtering and evaporating process works are shown, with a worker holding a glass of slurry to camera. Slurry is fed into large, hot rotating drums where it forms cakes of salt. Footage of the drying and sieving factory processes, the storage silos and feeding of the salt through pipes to the factory floor. A woman in scarf turban operates a machine that guillotines printed sheets of metal to size. Another female worker operates a high-speed automatic packing machine, and rows of female workers sit either side of the conveyor belt completing construction of the salt drum lids. A woman operates the automatic machine that stamps on the label and seals the pour holes. There are close-ups of the mechanical finishing processes of sealing, filling and packing. A train leaves the railway sidings at the works to transport the salt for home and export markets. A travelling shot from a train that emerges onto Sunderland Railway Bridge, with Wearmouth Bridge on the right begins the next sequence. A view down river of the two bridges with industrial banks of the River Wear follows. There is a high overhead shot onto a passing ship. Sunderland’s shipbuilding industry is documented, with construction of merchant ships under way. Arty shot of the electricity generating station framed by the railway bridge ironwork. Cars drive along a main road and tree lined avenue to the village of Whitburn. Georgian style houses line the embankment adjoining the road. A ruin with tracery window and arched doorway stands in the garden behind Whitburn House, an eccentric monument built by a former owner. A final shot of the Whitburn avenue closes this scene. Views of Marsden Bay from the cliff top are followed by a shot of the ugly lift that links cliff to beach. Various shots depict the Marsden Rock with seabird colony, arch and sea. A woman runs from the waves. A group of men pose on a rocking boat, sailing to an off shore rig. The boat approaches a boring rig three miles out in the North Sea. Various shots of the rig follow. The presenter is hoisted onto the rig platform in an “enlarged dog basket.” On top of the rig platform, the presenter is introduced to and interviews Mr. McGraw, geologist in charge of operations, who explains the rig’s connection to coal mining and the search for undersea coal reserves. The interview is intercut with shots of the drill and borer and other machinery in operation, and men working on the rig, sandstone core on platform. The scene cuts to coal fed into the hold of a ship. The camera pans across the mouth of the River Tyne at coastal town South Shields. The historic Tyne lifeboat and anchor rests at the junction of Ocean Road and the seafront at South Shields, a monument to its creators, William Woodhave and Henry Greathead. Next, there is an overhead shot of market day at South Shields, followed by close-ups of browsers and hagglers at the stalls. The camera picks out three men of Yemeni origin (?) wandering through the market stalls, the presenter commenting on the “cosmopolitan” character of the shoppers. A bulldozer demolishes old housing in South Shields. Shots of modern low rise housing blocks, steel, concrete and glass buildings, and irregular facades of housing blocks, elegant lampposts, and the new contemporary buildings for the Marine College. The camera tilts up the prow of a new ship in a Tyne shipyard, named Trefusis. Skilled shipyard workers are in action, and cranes criss-cross the night sky. End Credits: Introduced by Austin Steele Written by Philip McDonnell Sound Recordist Ray Hale Camera Fred Thomas Produced by Leslie Barrett Directed by Michael Dunk A Tyne Tees Television Features Production Context Travelogue with a pinch of salt Take a revealing tour along a coast of contrasts, from the folksy freshness of Whitby to the coaly Tyne, queen of all rivers. Presenter Austin Steele invites viewers on a fascinating visual sweep along the industrious and scenic North Sea coastline, collecting characterful and instructive stories as he goes. This poetic 1960s television travelogue takes in the imaginary Gothic spirit of Whitby, a web of steel in boom-town Middlesbrough, historic Cerebos salt works at Greatham, the ‘cosmopolitan’ South Shields market and the shipyards of Tyneside where so many journeys have begun. Between 1962 and 1963 Tyne Tees Television broadcast superb documentaries on the rivers and coastline of the North East in a series called Your Heritage. Coast of Commerce continues the legacy of the travelogue, with a combination of social insight, picturesque landscape, evocative camerawork and descriptive voiceover. It is beautifully scripted by Phil McDonnell, despite the dubious comparison of South Shields market to an ‘Eastern bazaar’ due to a glimpse of three Yemeni men out shopping. True to the genre’s early roots, this travelogue alludes to the ‘exotic’, which is also evoked in picture postcard fisherwomen in Staithes bonnets and Bram Stoker’s imagined Whitby Goth. Back in 1884 Newcastle chemist George Weddell founded Cerebos Salt. Household salt was once bought in coarse blocks until Weddell improved on an earlier experiment by George Duncan Bowie to add phosphates, creating the dry-pouring salt we use today, hence the famous Cerebos advertising slogan “See How It Runs“. The salt industry dated back centuries around Hartlepool but thick rock salt beds of 100 foot were then discovered on Teesside by iron masters Bolckow Vaughan & Co. and the Bell Brothers, with brine pumping of the salt beds underway by 1882. In 1894 the Greatham Salt and Brine Company was established. Salt was extracted on the edge of the marshes using tried and tested technology from American oil-well methods over the deep brine wells, and dried using the open-pan method. Cerebos Salt Ltd. was registered on 28 November 1903 and purchased the Greatham salt works, which operated until the factory was taken over in the 1970s by curry giant Sharwood’s. The long history of salt production in the area then finally came to an end. Sunderland's Wearmouth Bridge is in its third incarnation, beautifully designed by consulting engineers Mott, Hay and Anderson in 1926, also designers of the Tyne Bridge. It cost £231,943 to construct and was started in 1927. The road bridge was opened on 31 October 1929 by the Duke of York, later King George VI, the reluctant, stuttering King who's story was made into a movie called The King's Speech in 2010 starring Colin Firth.