Film ID: YFA 1959 Video of YFA_1959 What's Brewing WHAT'S BREWING 1959 Visitor TabsDescription This narrative film explains the process of brewing beer and includes methods of bottling as well as putting the finished product into casks. It was filmed in the Melbourne Brewery in Leeds. The film opens with a witch in a field brewing something over an open fire in a cauldron. The opening title is written on the side of the cauldron. Title - What's Brewing. Title - The 8mm squad investigates. A car pulls over by the side of a street, and two men and a woman get out. The voiceover states that, "Charlie said he would be there by eight." They are ushered into a pub where order a beer and sit down. As they ponder how beer is made, the film takes us on a journey through the process of making beer. It begins in the malt store where a man is emptying sacks of malt into an elevator where it is taken to the top of the building. From the top of the building is a view over the works and Leeds. The next stage in the process takes place in the malt mill where there are two large electric machines, fed by steel hoppers, for grinding the corn into grist. Next it goes into the funnel shaped grist case until it is mashed. All the cleaning is done by how water and steam produced by two large oil fired boilers. The mixture of malt and hot water, known as liquor, goes into the pre-heated mashing tub. Here the malt is converted into wort by enzymes. The end product runs along pipes to the coppers where it is joined by the hops. The hops are carefully weighed, and extra sugar is added to the wort. The coppers, where the wort is boiled for 1 ? hours, are heated by steam pipes. The wort is then filtered through the hops and into the cooling room. The spent hops are used as a base for garden fertilizers. The wort is transferred into stainless steel fermenting vessels where yeast is added. The fermentation process takes 48 hours, during which the mixture is frequently roused to allow oxygen to get to the yeast. The yeast is then skimmed off and, having increased about five times during the process, is either re-used or sold as a by-product. The beer is then allowed to settle for five days before being put into casks and bottles. Temperature and specific gravity are constantly checked. In the coopers shop the casks are examined and repaired. The wooden casks are then stored outside in the yard where, after knocking out the old wooden bung (the spile), they are washed and sterilized by hot water and steam on a machine. After cleaning the barrels pass to the cellar head where cold air is blown through them and they are inspected before being filled in the racking machine. A few extra dry hops are added before being filled with beer, as is a little more sugar for a secondary fermentation - priming the beer. The bottles are filled automatically along a conveyor belt at the rate of 450,000 an hour. After capping the bottles are inspected, counted, labelled and packed into cases before being taken off in Melbourne Brewery lorries. Back in the pub and time is called, with 'The End' written on the cloth covering the pumps. End Credits: 'What's Brewing' was produced by the 8mm section of Leeds camera Club, who express their thanks to directors and staff at the Melbourne Brewery for their advice and co-operation. Director Harold Collins Editor Cliff Yesson Script Jack White Camera Man Jack Dyson Sound Pat Sandy Continuity Arthur Hall Lights Bob Bellwood Light Porters Fraser Grainger, Brian Holden, Roy Hurley, Duncan McRae, John Slee, Albert Walker. Technical Advice Mr L. Shaw Commentator Mr D. Parsons Camera H8 by Sue Smith But 'Beer by Melbourne' followed by the Melbourne logo. Context A fascinating guide through the process of making a now vanished cask ale in Yorkshire in the 1950s, with the adding of extra dry hops and sugar to wooden casks to prime the beer. This is a rare chance to see the making of cask-conditioned beer, in wooden casks, before the arrival of metal casks and the large increase in keg beers. Even rarer is the chance to see the workings of the soon to be defunct Melbourne Brewery in Leeds in the late 1950s, and drinking in the similarly bygone Step Inn pub. This film was made by the 8mm section of Leeds Camera Club, whose origins go back to 1893, with the Cine Group of Leeds Camera Club forming in 1945, subsequently becoming Leeds Cine Club in 1965, and later renamed Leeds Movie Makers (not to be confused with the 16 mm sub-group, Mercury Movie Makers). The film must have been made in the late 1950s, just after the Brewery re-took the name of Melbourne Brewery in 1957 – up until then named as part of Leeds & Wakefield Breweries. But the company merged with Tetley in April 1960 – itself taken over by Allied Breweries in 1961 – after which brewing of Melbourne beer ceased at the brewery in Plum Street, Leeds, although it then apparently brewed Tetley Mild for two more years.