Film ID: YFA 3881 Video of YFA_3881 From Start to Finish FROM START TO FINISH 1981-1982 Visitor TabsDescription A film made by Roger Hateley, this film documents the entire process of making a wooden horse cart, beginning with the wheels, to the finished article. The carriage is to be used for the annual Hayride, one of the largest processions of horse-drawn vehicles in England. The film opens with the following title - Shots of making a cart wheel and putting an iron tyre on. A mineral water dray of 1890s Built by Wilf Collingwood at Bentley; Jan 81- Jan 82. Filmed by Roger Hateley. A man in a work yard tightens bolts on a wooden frame and uses a saw. Title - From Start to Finish, with, Wilf Collingwood, A man drives a tractor through the country roads by woodland. Wilf parks the tractor and trailer near to the trees. Wearing an orange hardhat, Wilf walks over to one of the trees with a chainsaw. Using the chainsaw Wilf makes a series of cuts into the bottom of the tree trunk, and eventually the tree falls to the ground. Wilf cuts away the roots and branches from the trunk of the tree. Using a measuring stick and a tape measure, Wilf measure the length and thickness of the tree trunk and writes them down in a book. He then cuts a section of the tree trunk and sits on the wood to eat. Wilf ties a rope around one of the pieces of the tree trunk, and attaching the rope to the tractor, he drives it away pulling the tree log along. In an open field Wilf lays down the measuring stick, and at the end of it, digs a small hole. As he approaches a stick with orange marks, he moves the measuring stick forward in a straight line and digs another small hole. In the driveway, a forklift is used to pick up the tree logs and place them onto a machine table. Wilf moves the log backwards and forwards through a blade by turning a handle to make the conveyor move backwards and forwards to cut planks of wood. He then stacks the planks of wood together. Wilf splits a small log with an axe. Inside the workshop he uses saws and sanders to shape the piece of wood and make grooves in the ends. A round piece of wood is rotated at speed as Wilf places a chisel on the side to shape the wood. He then measures the wood with an apparatus. Around the outside of the round piece of wood, Wilf places the spokes in the wheel, banging each spoke in to the wood with a hammer. He then takes a piece of wood with shapes drawn on them and uses a woodcutter on a bench to cut out the shapes. Wilf places the curved shapes around the outsides of the spokes to make the wheelbase and uses a hammer to put them in place. In a field men are sitting around a wooden fire. Wilf places his wheel on a spoke on a stone platform and secures it in place. The men lift out a metal frame from the wood fire and take it over to the wheel on the stone base. Placing the metal around the wood, the men pour liquid over it, which creates steam. As the steam disappears, a man uses a hammer to knock the metal into the wood. They take the wheel off the spoke and use the hammer to check the metal is secure. This process is repeated with another wheel. The men roll four wheels (two large two small) around the side of the wood fire. Outside the workshop, Wilf has the wheel placed on a workbench with a metal pole attached to the centre of the wheel. He stands on the wheel and turns the metal pole to cut out a hole. He takes to pole out and uses a chisel to smooth the edges of the hole. He then places a metal cylinder in the centre of the wheel and hammers it into place. Before rolling the wheel into the workshop, Wilf places wooden pieces around the centre of the wheel and hammers them in. Inside, Wilf pastes wood glue onto the ends of a wooden frame. He slots two frames up right and parallel to each other inside another larger horizontal frame and hammers them into place and closes the workshop door. In the work yard, Wilf places metal fixtures to the wooden frame and bolts them into place. Across the frame, Wilf places a metal ring into slots within the wood then turns the frame over to bolt the metal on the back. The wooden frame has wheels attached and has been painted red. Wilf paints yellow details onto the structure with a thin brush. He then hammers and bolts two semicircle shapes at opposite ends of a piece of wood and then oils up the metal spoke before placing the wheel on and spinning it around. Wilf makes finishing touches to the carriage (W.R.Collingwood, Bentley). Inside the carriage Wilf attaches and adjusts a seat. He unfolds the back of the carriage. A horse is brought out of the stables and is placed in front of the cart. Wilf lowers the beams down to attach to the horse reigns. He climbs aboard the carriage and rides the horse and carriage down the road. The horse is disconnected from the carriage and taken back to the stables. The film closes with a shot of Wilf standing next to his carriage. Context From tree to finished wooden horse carriage in 23 minutes. Veteran woodsman and part time coach builder Wilf Collingwood of Bentley, East Yorkshire, gives a demonstration of his many skills as he (almost) single-handedly builds a beautiful horse carriage, from chopping down a tree to riding it off. It’s 1981, and the great woodworking and blacksmith skills required in this dying craft are finely displayed in this film made by amateur filmmaker and art lover Roger Hateley. This film is one of a sizeable collection of films made by Roger Hateley from 1970 to 1983. At the time Roger was living in Walkington, near Beverley, and lecturing in Chemistry Education at Hull University. Wilf Collingwood left school aged 14 in 1939, worked on farms until called up into the Royal Marines, and ended the war in Germany. He then worked as a woodsman on the Risby & Bentley Estate (Walkington) until 1956, and then as a self-taught instructor in woodwork at Bishop Burton College. After 12 years he left and became a self-employed woodsman in Bentley, making horse-drawn vehicles, including this rully cart for the Bristol Cart & Wagon Company. Wilf now lives in Leconfield still making Windsor chairs.