Film ID:
YFA 351



Visitor Tabs


This is the second part of the film made by Charles Chislett for the C.P.A.S. (See also 350). It looks at the technological changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution. There is no reference or allusion to the C.P.A.S., the Church or Christianity.

Intertitle - 1836 - The England of Peaceful Country-sides.

A woman wearing simple clothes waters flowers outside of her thatched country cottage. A farmer loads a horse drawn cart with manure and takes it to a field. There are cattle grazing in a field, ducks, a horse drawn crop cutter. A woman takes a walk through the countryside towards a village church; filmed whilst walking.

Intertitle - Even towns were but centres for the farmers

There is a cattle and pig market in a town square.

Intertitle - The horse was the fastest means of travel

A coach and horses journey along a country road. This is followed by some barges going through a lock and being towed by heavy horses along a canal. Then shire horses pull a cart carrying logs, and there is a donkey and trap.

Intertitle - All the forging was done by hand

There is a water mill, followed by a later factory, with a workman grinding metal. Two men work at a small forge.

Intertitle - And so was the spinning and weaving

There is a small group of houses. Inside one of them looks like a museum. Here a man operates a hand-wound spinning wheel and others are weaving on hand operated wooden looms. There is an old abandoned mill, and another water mill, with a man stood on a platform on top; possibly cleaning the wheel as it goes around.

Intertitle - Great inventions, however, were on their way. Watt had found the power of steam and was turning it to service.

There is a statue of James Watt in Ratcliff Place, Birmingham; shown from various angles (with scaffolding around the Town Hall). We are then shown the outside and inside of a small factory.

Intertitle - Then came the Steam Engine

There is a poster which reads, "The Official Film of the Railway Centenary Kinematographed by Debenham & Co, York." A part of this film is shown and features two early steam locomotives in action. The men and women are dressed in Victorian clothes. An elderly man makes a speech before the Duke of York unveils a plaque which reads, "Here in 1925 the Stockton and Darlington Railway Company booked the first passenger thus marking an epoch in the History of Mankind."