Film ID: YFA 5861 Video of ON THE MANOR: FIGHTING BACK 1987 Visitor TabsDescription This is one of a series of four themed programmes made by Yorkshire Television that aired in 1987 about life on the manor estate of council housing in Sheffield, consisting of events on the estate and interviews with, mostly unidentified, residents. This one focuses on a resident’s theatre group in the run up to the June General Election, reflecting both the demoralisation – because of unemployment, poor housing, poverty and untrustworthy politicians – and the fighting spirit of those living on the estate. It was originally transmitted on 24th August, 1987. The programme begins with a family in their living room watching the news on television with Nicholas Witchell announcing that Margaret Thatcher is calling the General Election for June 11th. We then see first a car out electioneering for the Conservative Party, and then one for the Labour Party, for Sheffield central constituency. Richard Caborn, the Labour Party candidate, is seen out canvassing. Then one of the residents, at home, speaks about the mistrust that people feel for politicians and their promises. The film switches to a room with some local residents who have formed themselves into a theatre group, with John Goodyear leading a discussion about unemployment. One of the women explains that the idea of doing theatre came from John Goodyear. He is then seen directing rehearsals of a play, with one of the women members explaining that a play is good way to put across points in an accessible way to people, and that she finds it relaxing. Again, we see the two cars out canvassing, and then a local resident leaving her house, which is situated to three houses all with bricked up windows. She is then seen with her husband shopping in the local supermarket. As they go around doing their shopping, she explains that they get in total, including family allowance, £78 per week, of which £20 goes on gas and electricity, leaving £14 for each of the family for everything else. We then return to the family in their living room watching television, this time Thatcher giving closing conference speech at Blackpool in 1985, stating that, “It has always been the dream and the ambition of the Conservative Party that what used to be the luxuries of the few should become the daily experience, indeed the necessities, of the many.” The film switches to show a man out walking his dog on a derelict piece of land on the estate, collecting small pieces of metal in a plastic bag in order to earn a few pounds. He explains that he is unemployed and been unable to get a job, and that now that he is 40 no-one wants to know about him. A woman resident, a Labour Party activist, speaking in her kitchen, talks about the desolation and hopelessness that people at the bottom feel. Back at the local centre the women of the theatre group check the theatrical clothing and props, including five placards, one for each of the “5 evils” identified by William Beveridge in his 1942 Report: ignorance, idleness, squalor, disease and want. One of the women speaks about the need to show some resistance. Back with the family watching tv, this time with Neil Kinnock leading the singing of “we’ll walk hand in hand” at the close of the Labour Party Conference. Another woman resident, also speaking in her kitchen, said that she used to vote Labour, and could never vote Tory because she is working class. But that now she wouldn’t vote because she believed that all politicians are in it for themselves, and that Thatcher has no care for people living in the north. Back with the family watching TV, this time with Ken Dodd doing the warm up act for Thatcher at a Tory election rally in Chester. Thatcher is seen giving her speech, where she states that, “to the labour charge of being divisive I answer in one word, humbug”. The theatre group are seen out travelling in their van heading along the A68 towards Jedburgh, near the turnoff for Harwich. They get out at one point and lark around. The Labour Party activist, speaking in her kitchen, talks about how people have got into debt when in work and found it tough when they have lost their jobs. We then see a part of the play, set in a DHSS office, where a user is told that she cannot claim for certain benefits because Norman Fowler has abolished them. Again, we see the candidates, Brian Oxley and Richard Caborn, out canvassing, knocking on doors; and again, we see another scene from the play. The Labour Party activist, still speaking in her kitchen, talks about the failure of labour over the last 50 years, but believes that this is now changing. Back to the play, and as each of the placards for the “5 evils” are displayed, text is read out pointing up the position with regard to each today, revealing the terrible reality, in many ways worse than previous years. Over this are accompanying images of illustrating the words. Another resident talks about people have felt betrayed by the Labour Party. Next, the family watching tv witness Neil Kinnock making a speech at the Labour Party Conference. There is a brief look at polling station, before we see the theatre group driving in their van singing anti-Thatcher songs. One of the members talks about the importance of keep going, despite the daily hardship, while Labour Party activist talks about the need for everyone to support each other. As we hear the announcement that Thatcher has regained her parliamentary seat, we see images of derelict sites on the estate, and the film closes. Yorkshire Television would like to thank the people of The Manor Estate, Sheffield for all their co-operation. Music – Stephanie Nunn Graphics – Jim Slade Associate Producer – Michael Burke Research – Gary Horne Production Assistant – Sue Hamelman Sound Recordist – Chris Clarkson Dubbing Editor – Alan Briggs Dubbing mixer – Steve Haynes Camera – Alan Wilson Film Editor – Barry Spink Executive Producer – John Willis Director/Producer - Peter Gordon YTV 1987 Context A Yorkshire Television documentary from 1987 that focuses on how some residents of the Manor area of Sheffield are responding to the high unemployment and poverty on the council housing estate. It focuses on a residents’ theatre group in the run up to the June General Election, reflecting both the demoralisation – attributed to unemployment, poor housing, poverty and untrustworthy politicians – and the fighting spirit of at least some of those living on the Estate. This is the last of a series of four themed programmes that were aired in August 1987, and later re-edited into a single shorter programme broadcast on Channel 4, this time naming those residents who are interviewed. Yet, unfortunately, information on those featured in the programmes is hard to come by, including that of the ad hoc theatre group who performed the agit-prop play, more common in the 1970s and ‘80s. And, with the demise of Yorkshire Television, which effectively ceased in 2004 after being taking over by ITV, there is little prospect of any follow up documentary. Yet there remains a Lower Manor Tenant and Resident Group, having voted to join the Acis housing association in 2006.