Film ID: YFA 5673 Video of YFA_5673 the End1965 THE END 1965 Visitor TabsDescription This is a West Riding Civil Defence exercise that took place on Sunday 14th March 1965, around Aireworth Street, Keighley, filmed by amateur filmmaker Michael Lockwood. It was based on a scenario of Keighley having just suffered an airburst nuclear attack, between a megaton and a kiloton. It was a large scale exercise involving in total 350 people, including many young people from local schools: Eastmoor Approved School, Leeds, the Army Apprentice School, Harrogate, and Tong Park House School, Baildon. Title – The End? The film begins with foreboding music as two green West Riding Civil Defence lorries arriving in Aireworth Street with derelict terraced housing. Civil Defence personnel disembark and put on rucksacks. This is followed by an ambulance arriving. They make their way down the street where they carry out a rescue operation. Several men are rescued form the second floor of a half demolished terraced house. They are each strapped to a wooden board, or part of a wooden ladder and lowered down through the window with ropes and laid out on the ground. Some are carried into the ambulance. Several pedestrians, including children, are watching the exercise. Among those participating are young cadets. A man is helped off a roof with a ladder. He too is strapped to a board and lowered by ropes, and taken to the ambulance. One man observing has an armband with “Umpire” on it. The ambulance drives through the derelict area, passing a billboard advertising TV rental for 8’ 3 [8/- 3d]. The ambulance stops at Holden Hall in Oakworth, marked with a Red Cross, and the injured are taken inside. Outside the building women cook soup in large vats heating up in wood burners, and pastries are being cooked in an oven. Title – Where next? Title – Filmed by Michael Lockwood This film has been awarded FIRST PRIZE in the 1967 Annual Competition of the PRESTON CINE CLUB. Context Still haunted by the Cuban missile crisis, the folk of Keighley are reassured that local authorities are well prepared for any nuclear attack. It’s the night of 13/14th March 1965, and Keighley has just suffered an airburst nuclear attack, between a megaton and a kiloton. Amateur filmmaker Michael Lockwood is on hand to witness the Civil Defence go into action to deal with some hundred casualties; an operation involving 350 in total. The injured are rescued from the upper floors of half demolished houses on makeshift stretchers, put in ambulances and whisked away to hot soup cooked outdoors in great pots. Civil Defence exercises of this kind were not uncommon at the time, this one taking place around Aireworth Street, Keighley. The place where survivors are taken for medical attention and food is Holden Hall, Oakworth. Rescuers included 40 young men from Eastmoor Approved School, Leeds; casualties were from the Army Apprentice School, Harrogate, and Tong Park House School, Baildon. Michael Lockwood was just 20 when he filmed this exercise being carried out by West Riding Civil Defence, having recently seen Peter Watkins' powerful 1965 documentary The War Game, although the BBC banned it from TV. Michael was a member of Keighley Cine Circle, but soon moved to Preston, joining Preston Cine Club.