Film ID:
NEFA 20825



Visitor Tabs


Amateur film produced as a background film for the teaching of geography. It looks at the development of Middlesbrough following the discovery of ironstone in the Eston Hills, near Middlesbrough.

Title: Cleveland – It’s Geography and Industrial Development


Producer – Wilf Shaw Director – Ralph Ayres Camera – Wilf Maxwell


Acknowledgements Are Due to: Mrs M W Elgee, BA

Sir Alfred Pease Bart. Frank Coltman Esq., Dorman Long & Company Ltd, L.N.E.R. Co.

The opening shot shows a map of the British Isles. The camera moves in on the North East region. An animated section showing Yorkshire appears. The Cleveland area is highlighted along the Northern edge of the North Riding. A close-up of this is highlighted on a model of the terrain, showing Cleveland’s position relative to Durham and Yorkshire, and the concetration of Cleveland’s agricultural land.

A general view of the Cleveland area with Roseberry Topping in the distance follows, shot from Clay Bank above Great Broughton. The model plan illustrates the an area of moorland.

General view of moorland hills in Urra Moor/Clay Bank area. The plan shows the route of the Tees. General view of the river possibly in the Yarm or Preston Park area.

General view over the Tees flood plain from the Clay Bank area, panning to a view of the hillside.

Title: The Moors are Wild & Splendid.

Shots follow of the moors, a farmhouse and a small stream. Sheep graze on the moors.

Title: Affording A Meagre Pasture for a Few Sheep

More shots of sheep on the moorland.

Title; On These Hills Above Eston, John Vaughan Found Ironstone in 1850 [superimposed on film, the John Vaughan statue in Middlesbrough.]

Title: This Discovery marked the Beginning of the Industrial Development of Cleveland

A diagram of the locations of ironstone mines follows, followed by shots of the Trustee Drift mine at Eston, followed by South Skelton pit and a shale heap thought to be at Kilton pit near Brotton. Next view shows houses at Pit Top village, Barnaby Moor looking north to Eston Beacon, visible in the distance. A wide shot looking towards Boulby cliff edge shows a view of an North Skelton pit to the right, and at the left of the picture, in front of Boulby Cliff, Lumpsey Pit.

An animated map shows the pattern of villages emerging as ironstone mines were opened. Shots follow of ironstone mines and terraced houses in the villages.

Another animated map with the title ‘Furnaces Were Built and the Railway Extended’, shows the extent of the new industrial development.

General view of  the Skinningrove Iron & Steel Works. The shot pans to a view of Liverton mines in the distance. An LNER passenger train passes along the railway in the foreground.

Ironstone wagons emerge from the Trustee Drift mine at Eston. A shot follows from the bottom of the Trustee Incline railway as viewed from the top of Low Drum, California.  The incline to the tip yard viewed from the top of Low Drum, men pull on haulage ropes. Interior shots of the tipping shed in the tip yard as wagons are emptied of their contents. A man empties a railway wagon into the crusher plant after it's journey from the tip yard. Ironstone is seen on conveyor belt, followed by a view of a locomotive and wagons on Eston Branch Railway.

Title: In 25 Years 98 Furnaces Were in Operation

A shot follows of Cleveland steelworks at Grangetown. A shot shows full wagons waiting to go to the furnaces. This view shows Granville Road and Railway Place, Grangetown on the right.

Title: 1870 Beginning of Steel Age – The Furnaces Turn to the Production of Steel [Factual error on caption card, date should read 1880]

 Workmen shovel ironstone into a furnace in the Cleveland works. Ingots are cast. A steam crane moves the ingots.

Title: But the Coming of Steel Caused the Doom of Many Mines in Cleveland & Prosperity Deserted The Villages

Shots follow of deserted ironstone mines and associated buildings, spoil heaps, terraced houses and streets.This includes views of Lingdale Mine, Upsall Pit at Eston, North Skelton pit, and again at Lingdale.

A view of terraced houses on a hill is of Park Street at Skelton Green. Followed by another shot of Lingdale, showing the backs of houses with a spoil heap in the background. the steep incline of Park Street is shown again.

Title:  Industry Was Concentrated on the Banks of the River Tees

Views follow of the River Tees in and around Middlesbrough and associated industries. A furnace is charged with scrap metal (?).

Title: In These Works Is Produced The World’s Finest Steel

Shots of workmen at work on the rolling mills. A large circular saw cuts steel girders.

A crane moves steel beams. Shot of the girders that make up the Transporter or Newport Bridge.

Title:The Population of Middlesbrough Grew

Animation – From 25 in 1801 to 140,000 in 1931

An animated map shows a solitary farmhouse in 1825, just south of the River Tees, then illustrates the rapid growth of buildings.

Cut to a shot of a new housing estate being built.

Title: and still it grows [over map]

Panoramic view of Middlesbrough.

Title: These Workers Must Be Fed [ over shot of a crowd of workers]

A crowd of workers leave the gondola which hangs from the Transporter Bridge and travels between Port Clarence and Middlesbrough.

Overhead shot of  the crowds as they stream from the Transporter Bridge into the street. Buses wait to pick up passengers

Title: And the Necessary Supplies Are Close At Hand

A view follows of cows grazing.

Title:  Milk

Cows stand in rows in a milking parlour, preparing to be milked.

Title: Bread

A horse drawn harvester cuts down crops.

Title: Eggs

Chickens and ducks come into view in a farm yard.

Title:  Meat

Shots of cattle and sheep. Cattle are sold at market. A cattle lorry drives down a country road into the distance.

Title: Vegetables

Potato sacks are unloaded from a lorry. We later see them hanging up on a market stall.

Title: Roads Were Widened and Improved

This sequence includes a shot of car coming up the hill on the main road through Eston, a shot of a major trunk road and of another road with traffic.

Title:  In the North the roads cross two unique bridges into Durham

Views of the Newport Bridge, with bridge deck raised, as a small ship passes beneath.The  bridge deck is lowered and the safety gates are opened to allow traffic back onto the bridge. Long shot of the bridge, followed by a view of the Transporter Bridge with a fully loaded gondola.

Shots of the cables and structure of the bridge. General view of the Transporter follows as the gondola travels across the river. Shots of boats and tugboats on the river, including a ship, ‘Dunedin Star’, being released from its moorings and leaving the Tees. As the camera pans across a salt derrick can be seen in the background.

An animated map shows routes a ship might take from the Tees, heading to Rotterdam, Antwerp, London etc.

Shots of a railway engine making its way through a heavily industrialised area, with Normanby Ironworks to the right and Cargo Fleet works to the left.

Title: And Eastwards

Shot of engine on track.

Title: To the Seaside

An animated map shows the main towns on the coast: Redcar, Marske, Saltburn, Staithes, Whitby.

Views follow of a very busy Redcar seafront, with the pier in the background. Family groups sit around on the beach with lots of young children.

Children play in the sand and sample the roundabouts and swings. Young and old paddle in the sea at the shoreline.

People wait to go on a motor launch called ‘Sheila’, possibly at  Whitby. General view of Whitby looking towards East Cliff, the pier and lighthouse.

The closing shot may be of Huntcliff at Saltburn

Title: The End