Film ID: NEFA 8998 BRIEFING: ETHNICS 1983 Visitor TabsDescription An incomplete edition of the Tyne Tees Television current affairs programme on ethnic minorities in the North East region of England from the Briefing series broadcast on 25 April 1983, with the focus on Newcastle and Middlesbrough. Footage includes Chinese New Year celebrations for the Year of the Pig in Newcastle in 1983; learning the Koran in a Middlesbrough mosque; and interviews with various education and community leaders involved in improving race relations in Tyne and Wear and Cleveland. The programme includes commentary. Stills of newspaper pages covering the House of Lords decision to overturn a Newcastle headmaster's ban on a Sikh boy wearing a turban to school, declaring it discrimination against an ethnic group. Exterior shots of venues in Newcastle that have refused entry to Sikhs, including Tuxedo Junction and the 42nd Street bar. The scene cuts to a classroom or youth centre interior with parents and children from a variety of ethnic backgrounds and ages dancing to pop music. Asian chefs cook and prepare different foods and curries in restaurant kitchen. Close-up of variety of curries in metal catering dishes in the kitchens. Customers tuck in to Asian food at a restaurant table, including chapatis and curries. Floral flock wallpaper lines the walls. The Chinese community celebrate the Year of the Pig with a procession on the streets of the Chinatown area of Newcastle, on a drab February afternoon. Medium close-up of dragon dance performers wearing costume, a long serpent shaped cloth body on poles, at the head of the procession, small groups of people lining the street to watch. The procession passes at the end of Thornton Street, junction with Westgate Road, led by a young Chinese girl carrying a yellow Chinese banner, and English members of a local Kung Fu club follow, also holding banners. A band of Chinese musicians playing cymbals and drums follows the dragon dance performer. Close-up of the dragon dancing for the camera on the street in front of the printing works, John B. Bowes Ltd, at a corner of Fenkle Street. Close-up on drum being beaten and man clashing cymbals, and audience close by. A man and his young daughter peer out through the window of a Chinese restaurant door, with “open” sign displayed. The dragon dances to the doorstep of the restaurant. View of the two performers in dragon costume dancing in the street in front of John B. Bowes Ltd. printing works. The performers raise and lower the dragon holding poles attached to the costume The scene cuts to a restaurant interior where Chinese men and women are seated with the Lord Mayor of Newcastle, who is wearing his ceremonial chains and smiling. The meal is the climax of the Chinese New Year celebration. Brief shot of the audience inside the restaurant, seated at tables with drinks on the tables. Many of the audience are non-Chinese. A Chinese man stands on a raised platform in the restaurant in front of a table with white tablecloth and vase of flowers, and addresses the guests from a microphone, welcoming them to the celebrations. Waiters move around him in the room. Shot of a different Chinese performer in costume. The scene shifts to youths of different ethnicities seated in a youth centre sharing a can of Lilt soft drink. A balloon is stuck to the wall behind them. A car drives down a road and pulls into the forecourt of Tyne Home Window and the owner gets out. Interview with the owner, an Anglo-African community leader, about the organisation of a centre for the West African Cultural Association in Newcastle’s West End to foster understanding between communities from different cultures and ethnic groups. Various shots of children from different ethnic groups, black and white, playing musical chairs together in a busy youth centre decorated with balloons. Some carry cans of Coca Cola or Lilt. A number of West African women oversee the fun and games. Two young girls sit with a West African woman on chairs at the edge of the room. Close-up of cute infant girl in white party dress. Interview with African community leader continues, talking about how understanding between ethnic groups eliminates racism. View inside a multi-racial youth club gym run by Tyne and Wear CRC where boys are playing games of table tennis and badminton. Interview with Tarsem Chopra, Chairman of the Community Relations Committee Youth Panel, about setting up the youth club to encourage integration between different ethnic groups, and organising a programme of cultural events as an introduction to different ethnic communities’ celebrations, including those of, for instance, Sikhs, Muslims and Hindus. Intercut with shots of children playing badminton and table tennis. Close-up of a poster for Eid Al-Fitr, the festival following the end of Ramadan, and for Diwali, the Hindu Festival of Light. In a police meeting room, Hari Shukla, Senior Community Relations Officer for Tyne and Wear (Director of Racial Equality Council from 1974 to 1994) addresses uniformed policemen and women in the Northumbrian Police and Communities Relations Group. A trained volunteer home tutor gives English lessons to a Bangladeshi woman in her own home, whilst her two sons are seated at a low table in the living room, coloring in drawings. Close-up of the home tutor emptying coins from a purse on the coffee table in front of them, instructing the woman in using English currency. The Bangladeshi woman repeats the coin denominations after the tutor. A chef plunges chicken tikka on a skewer into a deep frying pan. Another chef at the cooking range fries food in a pan on a hob. The commentary talks about Bangladeshi men’s contact with English language outside the home. A woman gets onto a bus where an Indian driver takes her fare. Shots of Tyne and Wear buses on the road. Close-up of an Indian bus driver answering a passenger (off screen) who is asking how to get to his destination. The bus driver then drives away. The scene now changes to a view of a mosque in Middlesbrough. Shoes are lined up in the hallway of the mosque. Various shots of young Muslim boys seated at low tables reciting the Koran in lessons after school. An Imam teaches the children using Muslim scriptures. Close-up of a young boy reciting lines. Interior shots of Muslim girls in brightly coloured head scarves reciting from the Koran at the mosque. Shots of teachers of English as a Second Language (TESOL), employed by Cleveland Council’s Education Department, instructing groups of children of different ages and ethnic backgrounds in a school classroom in Middlesbrough. One young boy has his arm in a sling. In the centre of one classroom table there are five ethnic or folk dolls in national costume. Various shots of children with teacher follow, using the dolls as language training props. Portrait shots of individual pupils. Interview with TESOL teacher intercut with shots of individual pupils and groups around the tables. Interview with headmaster (?) talking about the different educational, religious and cultural needs of children from non-English ethnic backgrounds. He is posed against a school display of books and photographs aimed at the different ethnic groups in the region. Shot from rear of classroom of a group of Pakistani girls (in bright red cardigans) and boys at their desks, being taught Urdu by an Asian teacher. The teacher writes on the blackboard. The session is part of a pilot programme of “mother tongue teaching.” Interview with one of the girls about the importance of learning Urdu. Shots of boy and girl pupils in the classroom learning Urdu. The commentary talks about the language classes teaching Punjabi and Bengali to Asian children. General view of the Centre for Multicultural Education in Middlesbrough. Interview inside the centre with Team Leader, Ted Jackson. He talks about TESOL teaching and the Home Liaison Service. Shot of a Middlesbrough inner city street of bow-fronted terraced houses. Havin Ahmad, the first home liaison teacher in Cleveland, talks to two Asian parents in their living room in Middlesbrough. Intercut with portrait shots of their son and young daughter, and of the teenage boy seated in an armchair with his younger sister seated on the arm of the chair. Havin Ahmad questions them about their educational background. Interview with Havin Ahmad. Interview continues over shots of pre-school age children playing at the East-West Playgroup based at the Centre for Multicultural Education in Middlesbrough. The children play with water, funnels, milk bottles and Sunlight washing up liquid bottles, multicolored Lego type shapes, and sand, accompanied by bi-lingual and multi-lingual female adult assistants and mothers. The children are from a range of ethnic groups including Chinese, Asian and white British backgrounds. Interview with Chinese-Asian mother in the playgroup classroom. A toddler in the background drinks from a child’s feeding bottle. Interview with an Indian-Asian mother beside table of paint and brushes in jam jars and plastic pots. Interview with white British mother beside her toddler. Interior view of mothers, assistants and babies at the International Women’s Group in Stockton. An Indian-Asian woman teaches women Indian cooking in a classroom. Interview with Meena Nuvi, founder of the group, who talks about immigrant women’s lack of social meeting places outside the home. Interview with Indian woman about learning Urdu, knitting and socialising with a cup of tea at the Stockton centre. Interview with elderly white British woman, knitting. Close-up of hands knitting. Shot of white British woman seated at a table learning Urdu with a group of Asian women. Close-up of training manual pages with Urdu characters. Interview with Meena Nuvi. Multi-ethnic group of children in a dance team practise a traditional Sikh dance in a hall at Cromwell Road Primary School, South Bank, Middlesbrough. They are dressed in a variety of traditional Sikh costume, which include Kurta Pyjamas, turbans. Interview with Headteacher begins over shots of children dancing together. Interview with Headteacher. Various shots of the dance (Bhangra?), including two boys in Indian costume performing dance moves kneeling opposite each other on the floor of the school hall. A boy is carried on the shoulders of two other boys, whilst performing movements with his arms. Interview with Ted Jackson, Team Leader, Centre for Multicultural Education in Middlesbrough. A girl in traditional Indian costume performs a dance to camera in a hall at Cromwell Road Primary School, South Bank, Middlesbrough, whilst the rest of the class watch.