Film ID: YFA 4227 Video of YFA_4227 Bradford College Collection Sikh Temple Part 2 1972 BRADFORD COLLEGE COLLECTION-SIKH TEMPLE (PART 2) 1972 Visitor TabsDescription The film depicts the Sikh Temple in Bradford in 1972. Men, women and children have a meal in a hall, read books and attend a ceremony. The film opens with women and girls at a long table having a meal; some of the women walk around the table dishing out food and drinks. Most of the women eat with their fingers and wear traditional clothes, headscarves and jewellery. In the next shot women and men stand beside a book case looking at the books; some of them take books out and open them. All of the men wear head coverings too. Following this there is a shot of a few men at a table with notebooks and ledgers open in front of them; they search through and write in them. The final scene takes place in a hall with a manji sahib or platform which is covered by a palki. A large crowd of men, women and children are sitting on the floor facing it; some people still walk in as the ceremony starts. There are two men sitting on the platform talking into a microphone; a man brings his daughter up and they both bow to the manji sahib. Another few men do the same thing. There are lots of coins scattered on the palki. [Around 90% of Sikhs who help to make up Bradford's South Asian community come directly from India - reference Ramandar Singh.] Context Passing on an ethos in tradition and ritual – here the Sikh community comes together in prayer, and in convivial mood, showing reverence and generosity as they share a meal together. This is the second part of a film of the Guru Gobind Singh Gurdwara on Malvern Street in Bradford, possibly soon after its opening on 12th March 1972. This was the first purpose built Gurdwara (Sikh Temple) in Bradford. The Gurdwara is full of men, women and children, in a relaxed atmosphere, listening to a speaker at the front in part reading from the Sikh Holy Book, the Adi Sri Guru Granth Sahib. In another room all sit down to eat the langar, the shared vegetarian meal. This film was donated to the YFA by Bradford College, but there is no information as to who made the film, or what it was for. About half of all Indians living in Britain, including Bradford, are Sikhs. The previous Gurdwara was in an old Methodist church; the Gurdwara on Malvern Street, now much extended, is still operating along with five others in Bradford. These are open to everyone, non-Sikhs alike. Communal readings from the Adi Granth take place every morning and evening. The langar upholds the principle of equality between all people of the world regardless of religion, caste, colour, creed, age, gender or social status, to eliminate extreme poverty in the world and to bring about caring communities.